3 CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMAN RIGHTS:

NPF Human Rights Training

Human Rights are:
Fundamental
Universal
Inalienable
Indivisible
Interdependent
Interrelated

Human Rights are Fundamental:
These relates to basic rights which are fundamental to the existence of individuals.

Human Rights are universal:
These rights apply to all persons and to all places, irrespective of location.
Everywhere you go to, your rights should be respected even as you respect the rights of others.

Human Rights are inalienable:
These rights are applicable to every human being and they cannot be taken away from or surrendered by any person. They apply regardless of race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other considerations, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.

Human Rights are indivisible:
These rights cannot be separated from one another in terms of its applicability. For example, one cannot be said to have right to one type of human right and yet not have right to other types of human rights.

Human Rights are all interrelated and interdependent:
These rights are linked to one another and the violation of one often leads to the violation of others. Example, violation of right to health or food or shelter may invariably lead to violation of right to life.

Module 1.3 Exercises

1. Why is it necessary that human rights should be universal and how do you think the police can ensure that every person’s right is protected irrespective of colour, race, sex, etc?
2. Explain why a person whose right to life must be protected should be entitled to right to health, food and shelter.

 

4. RATIONALE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS.

Why do we need Human Rights? Of what value is the promotion and protection of Human Rights?
The preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states as follows:

  • Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world.
  • Whereas disregard and contempt of human rights have resulted in barbarous acts, which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people.
  • Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law.
  • Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations. Whereas the poorest people of the united Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in the equal rights of man and woman and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom

Thus, we need human rights to:

  • Ensure Freedom, Justice and Peace;
  • Prevent Barbarous acts;
  • Prevent Tyranny and oppression;
  • Promote Development and friendly relations between nations;
  • Promote social progress and better standards of life.

 

Human rights also must be guaranteed and protected because of the danger, ease
and regularity of their being violated.

“…..In no area is the protection of human rights more crucial than in the area of the Administration of Justice and Law Enforcement. Administration of Justice and Law Enforcement carry with them the element of force, which is often accompanied with, or easily degenerates to violations of human rights. International standards have been set
for the protection of human rights in this area. These standards safeguard against tyranny, oppression and impunity and check on those who exercise power”.

Module 1.4 Exercises

1. In your opinion, are the above stated rationales acceptable to you? Give reasons for your responses.
2. What steps will you take to convince others to adopt or accept the above stated opinion?

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